Thrombolysis in Mild Stroke: A Comparative Analysis of the PRISMS and MaRISS Studies

Negar Asdaghi, Jose G Romano, Hannah Gardener, Iszet Campo-Bustillo, Barbara Purdon, Yosef M. Khan, Deepak Gulati, Joseph P. Broderick, Lee H. Schwamm, Eric E. Smith, Jeffrey L. Saver, Ralph L Sacco, Pooja Khatri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Mild ischemic stroke patients enrolled in randomized controlled trials of thrombolysis may have a different symptom severity distribution than those treated in routine clinical practice. Methods: We compared the distribution of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores, neurological symptoms/severity among patients enrolled in the PRISMS (Potential of r-tPA for Ischemic Strokes With Mild Symptoms) randomized controlled trial to those with NIHSS score ≤5 enrolled in the prospective MaRISS (Mild and Rapidly Improving Stroke Study) registry using global P values from χ2analyses. Results: Among 1736 participants in MaRISS, 972 (56%) were treated with alteplase and 764 (44%) were not. These participants were compared with 313 patients randomized in PRISMS. The median NIHSS scores were 3 (2-4) in MaRISS alteplase-treated, 1 (1-3) in MaRISS non-alteplase-treated, and 2 (1-3) in PRISMS. The percentage with an NIHSS score of 0 to 2 was 36.3%, 73.3%, and 65.2% in the 3 groups, respectively (P<0.0001). The proportion of patients with a dominant neurological syndrome (≥1 NIHSS item score of ≥2) was higher in MaRISS alteplase-treated (32%) compared with MaRISS nonalteplase-treated (13.8%) and PRISMS (8.6%; P<0.0001). Conclusions: Patients randomized in PRISMS had comparable deficit and syndromic severity to patients not treated with alteplase in the MaRISS registry and lesser severity than patients treated with alteplase in MaRISS. The PRISMS trial cohort is representative of mild patients who do not receive alteplase in current broad clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E586-E589
JournalStroke
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • brain ischemia
  • cohort studies
  • humans
  • registries
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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