Threshold equivalence between perimeters

Douglas R. Anderson, William J. Feuer, Wallace L.M. Alward, Gregory L. Skuta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


To determine equivalence between perimeters, 49 eyes of 35 subjects underwent static threshold testing of the central 30 degrees twice on each of three automated perimeters and twice by manual kinetic threshold testing with the Goldmann perimeter. The Octopus-Humphrey difference was 3.3 dB (2.3 dB in the upper two rows for programs 32 and 30-2). The Dicon-Octopus difference was 3.5 dB and the Dicon-Humphrey, 6.5 dB. The I4e Stimulus of the Goldmann perimeter was equivalent to 17.1 dB, 13.6 dB, and 10.8 dB on the Humphrey, Octopus, and Dicon perimeters, respectively. The III4e Stimulus of the Goldmann perimeter, used for visual impairment determination, was roughly equivalent to 7 to 10 dB, 4 to 7 dB, and 0 to 6 dB on the Humphrey, Octopus, and Dicon perimeters, respectively. The prediction when converting from one instrument to another was only 10% less reliable than the ability of a perimeter to predict the values on a second examination with the same perimeter. Validity of the conversion formulas was confirmed by the age-corrected normal values available for the Octopus, Humphrey, and Goldmann perimeters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-505
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 15 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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