Three-dimensional P-wave velocity structure of the zhuxi ore deposit, South China revealed by control-source first-arrival tomography

Yunpeng Zhang, Baoshan Wang, Guoqing Lin, Yongpeng Ouyang, Tao Wang, Shanhui Xu, Lili Song, Rucheng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Zhuxi ore deposit, located in Jiangxi province, South China, is the largest tungsten reserve in the world. To better understand the geological structure and distribution of orebodies, we conducted a high resolution three-dimensional P-wave velocity tomography of the uppermost 0.5 km beneath the Zhuxi ore deposit and adjacent area. Our velocity model was derived from 761,653 P-wave first arrivals from 998 control-source shots, recorded by a dense array. As the first 3D P-wave velocity structure of the Zhuxi ore deposit, our model agrees with local topographic and tectonic structures and shows depth-dependent velocity similar to laboratory measurements. The Carboniferous formations hosting the proven orebodies are imaged as high velocities. The high-velocity anomalies extend to a larger area beyond the proven orebodies, and the locations of high– low velocity boundaries are in accordance with the boundaries between the Neoproterozoic formation and the Carboniferous–Triassic formation. Seismic tomography reveals that high-velocity anomalies are closely related to the mineralized areas. Our results are helpful for further evaluating the total reserves and suggest that seismic tomography can be a useful tool for mineral exploration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number148
JournalMinerals
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Body wave tomography
  • Control source
  • Dense array
  • Zhuxi ore deposit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

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