Thoracoscopic-assisted placement of azygos vein central venous catheter in a child

J. E. Sola, W. R. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Loss of central venous access in intestinal failure patients is a potentially fatal complication, and an indication for intestinal transplantation. Thrombosis of the superior vena cava (SVC) has historically been considered a contraindication to small bowel transplantation; however, unconventional central venous access can facilitate survival and eventual transplant procedure in patients with end-stage central venous access. We describe a technique for azygos vein central catheter insertion utilizing thoracoscopic guidance in a 14-year-old girl with thrombosis of the SVC and chronic idiopathic pseudo-obstruction syndrome awaiting multivisceral transplantation. The technique is simplified by utilizing carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation of the thoracic cavity to collapse the lung instead of double-lumen endotracheal tube placement, and no postoperative chest tube drainage of the pleural space is required. Thoracoscopic-assisted central access can also be used in children requiring chronic hemodialysis with limited venous sites due to thrombosis or small size of vessels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-718
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction
  • Parenteral nutrition
  • Pediatric small intestine transplantation
  • Pediatric surgery
  • Thoracic surgery
  • Vascular access

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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