Thermochemistry of Sulfur Atom Transfer. Enthalpies of Reaction of Phosphines with Sulfur, Selenium, and Tellurium, and of Desulfurization of Triphenylarsenic Sulfide, Triphenylantimony Sulfide, and Benzyl Trisulfide

Kenneth B. Capps, Bodo Wixmerten, Andreas Bauer, Carl D. Hoff

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46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The enthalpies of reaction of neat PBu3 with solid sulfur (-27.1 ± 0.5 kcal/mol), selenium (-20.0 ± 0.6 kcal/ mol), and tellurium (-4.9 ± 0.6 kcal/mol) have been measured by solution calorimetry. The enthalpies of reaction of a series of phosphines with sulfur in toluene solution have been measured as follows (values in kcal/mol): PCy3 = -30.9 ± 1.9, PBu3 = -28.9 ± 0.3, PMe3 = -27.1 ± 0.4, PMe2Ph = -26.0 ± 0.5, PMePh2 = -23.8 ± 0.3. PPh3 = -21.5 ± 0.3. These values correlate with literature data for enthalpies of protonation and indicate that P to S σ donation is probably the dominant factor in determining the R3P=S bond strength, estimates for which range from 88 to 98 kcal/mol. The enthalpies of S atom transfer to PPh3 by S=AsPPh3 and S=SbPh3 in toluene solution are -17.7 ± 1.2 and -21.5 ± 1.0 kcal/mol, respectively. The enthalpy of removal of the central S atom from BzSSSBz by PCy3, yielding BzSSBz and S=PCy3, is -29.0 ± 1.8 kcal/mol. These data are used to establish a range of enthalpies of S atom transfer in these compounds which spans 31 kcal/mol from S=SbPPh3 to S=PCy3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2861-2864
Number of pages4
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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