Therapy of ovarian cancers with targeted cytotoxic analogs of bombesin, somatostatin, and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone and their combinations

Stefan Buchholz, Gunhild Keller, Andrew V. Schally, Gabor Halmos, Florian Hohla, Elmar Heinrich, Frank Koester, Benjamin Baker, Jörg B. Engel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment of experimental ovarian cancers with targeted cytotoxic analogs as single compounds and in combination. Targeted cytotoxic analogs of bombesin (AN-215), somatostatin (AN-238), and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (AN-207) consisted of 2-pyrrolinod-oxorubicin (AN-201) linked to the respective peptide carrier. AN-238 at 200 nmol/kg significantly inhibited growth of UCI-107, ES-2 and OV-1063 ovarian cancers. AN-215 alone at 200 nmol/kg and its combination with AN-238 at one-half of the dose were also able to inhibit the growth of UCI-107 tumors. A combination of AN-238 with AN-207at 50% of the dose strongly suppressed the proliferation of ES-2 and OV-1063 ovarian tumors. Cytotoxic radical AN-201 was toxic and had no significant effect on tumor growth. In contrast, the toxicity of the conjugated peptide analogs was low. Because ovarian cancers tend to acquire chemoresistance, we used real-time PCR to measure the mRNA expression of multidrug resistance protein 1, multidrug resistance-related protein 1, and breast cancer resistance protein after treatment. Low or no induction of multidrug resistance protein 1, multidrug resistance-related protein, and breast cancer resistance protein occurred after treatment with AN-238, AN-215, and the combination of AN-238 with AN-207 or AN-215. These results demonstrate that a therapy with cytotoxic analogs such as single agents and combinations is effective and nontoxic. Our work suggests that cytotoxic peptide analogs of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone, somatostatin, and bombesin could be used for the therapy of ovarian cancers, considering the lack of induction of chemoresistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10403-10407
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume103
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2006

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