Therapeutic Targeting of the Notch Pathway in Glioblastoma Multiforme

Zachary Gersey, Adam D. Osiason, Laura Bloom, Sumedh Shah, John W. Thompson, Amade Bregy, Nitin Agarwal, Ricardo J. Komotar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and deadly form of brain tumor. After standard treatment of resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, the 5-year survival is <5%. In recent years, research has uncovered several potential targets within the Notch signaling pathway, which may lead to improved patient outcomes. Methods: A literature search was performed for articles containing the terms “Glioblastoma” and “Receptors, Notch” between 2003 and July 2015. Of the 62 articles retrieved, 46 met our criteria and were included in our review. Nine articles were identified from other sources and were subsequently included, leaving 55 articles reviewed. Results: Of the 55 articles reviewed, 47 used established human GBM cell lines. Seventeen articles used human GBM surgical samples. Forty-five of 48 articles that assessed Notch activity showed increased expression in GBM cell lines. Targeting the Notch pathway was carried out through Notch knockdown and overexpression and targeting δ-like ligand, Jagged, γ-secretase, ADAM10, ADAM17, and Mastermindlike protein 1. Arsenic trioxide, microRNAs, and several other compounds were shown to have an effect on the Notch pathway in GBM. Notch activity in GBM was also shown to be associated with hypoxia and certain cancer-related molecular pathways such as PI3K/AKT/mTOR and ERK/MAPK. Most articles concluded that Notch activity amplifies malignant characteristics in GBM and targeting this pathway can bring about amelioration of these effects. Conclusions: Recent literature suggests targeting the Notch pathway has great potential for future therapies for GBM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-263.e2
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume131
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Brain tumors
  • Glioblastoma
  • Notch
  • Notch proteins
  • Notch signaling
  • Targeted therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Gersey, Z., Osiason, A. D., Bloom, L., Shah, S., Thompson, J. W., Bregy, A., Agarwal, N., & Komotar, R. J. (2019). Therapeutic Targeting of the Notch Pathway in Glioblastoma Multiforme. World neurosurgery, 131, 252-263.e2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.07.180