The XMM deep survey in the CDF-S: II. A 9-20 keV selection of heavily obscured active galaxies at z > 1.7

K. Iwasawa, R. Gilli, C. Vignali, A. Comastri, W. N. Brandt, P. Ranalli, F. Vito, Nico Cappelluti, F. J. Carrera, S. Falocco, I. Georgantopoulos, V. Mainieri, M. Paolillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present results on a search of heavily obscured active galaxies z 1.7 using the rest-frame 9â̂'20 keV excess for X-ray sources detected in the deep XMM-CDFS survey. Out of 176 sources selected with the conservative detection criteria (8Ï) in the first source catalogue of Ranalli et al. (in prep.), 46 objects lie in the redshift range of interest with the median redshift Ëœz ≃ 2.5. Their typical rest-frame 10â̂'20 keV luminosity is 1044 erg s -1, as observed. Among optically faint objects that lack spectroscopic redshift, four were found to be strongly absorbed X-ray sources, and the enhanced Fe K emission or absorption features in their X-ray spectra were used to obtain X-ray spectroscopic redshifts. Using the X-ray coloura-colour diagram based on the rest-frame 3â̂'5 keV, 5â̂'9 keV,and 9â̂'20 keV bands, seven objects were selected for their 9â̂'20 keV excess and were found to be strongly absorbed X-ray sources with column density of NH â‰1 0.6 Ã-1024 cm -2, including two possible Compton thick sources. While they are emitting at quasar luminosity, â̂1/43/4 of the sample objects are found to be absorbed by NH 1022 cm -2. A comparison with local AGN at the matched luminosity suggests an increasing trend of the absorbed source fraction for high-luminosity AGN towards high redshifts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA84
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume546
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2012
Externally publishedYes

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active galaxies
XMM-Newton telescope
luminosity
x rays
faint objects
erg
quasars
catalogs
diagram
diagrams
trends
color

Keywords

  • Galaxies: active
  • X-rays: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Iwasawa, K., Gilli, R., Vignali, C., Comastri, A., Brandt, W. N., Ranalli, P., ... Paolillo, M. (2012). The XMM deep survey in the CDF-S: II. A 9-20 keV selection of heavily obscured active galaxies at z > 1.7. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 546, [A84]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201220036

The XMM deep survey in the CDF-S : II. A 9-20 keV selection of heavily obscured active galaxies at z > 1.7. / Iwasawa, K.; Gilli, R.; Vignali, C.; Comastri, A.; Brandt, W. N.; Ranalli, P.; Vito, F.; Cappelluti, Nico; Carrera, F. J.; Falocco, S.; Georgantopoulos, I.; Mainieri, V.; Paolillo, M.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 546, A84, 15.10.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iwasawa, K, Gilli, R, Vignali, C, Comastri, A, Brandt, WN, Ranalli, P, Vito, F, Cappelluti, N, Carrera, FJ, Falocco, S, Georgantopoulos, I, Mainieri, V & Paolillo, M 2012, 'The XMM deep survey in the CDF-S: II. A 9-20 keV selection of heavily obscured active galaxies at z > 1.7', Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 546, A84. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201220036
Iwasawa, K. ; Gilli, R. ; Vignali, C. ; Comastri, A. ; Brandt, W. N. ; Ranalli, P. ; Vito, F. ; Cappelluti, Nico ; Carrera, F. J. ; Falocco, S. ; Georgantopoulos, I. ; Mainieri, V. ; Paolillo, M. / The XMM deep survey in the CDF-S : II. A 9-20 keV selection of heavily obscured active galaxies at z > 1.7. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2012 ; Vol. 546.
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title = "The XMM deep survey in the CDF-S: II. A 9-20 keV selection of heavily obscured active galaxies at z > 1.7",
abstract = "We present results on a search of heavily obscured active galaxies z 1.7 using the rest-frame 9{\^a}̂'20 keV excess for X-ray sources detected in the deep XMM-CDFS survey. Out of 176 sources selected with the conservative detection criteria (8{\"I}) in the first source catalogue of Ranalli et al. (in prep.), 46 objects lie in the redshift range of interest with the median redshift {\"E}œz ≃ 2.5. Their typical rest-frame 10{\^a}̂'20 keV luminosity is 1044 erg s -1, as observed. Among optically faint objects that lack spectroscopic redshift, four were found to be strongly absorbed X-ray sources, and the enhanced Fe K emission or absorption features in their X-ray spectra were used to obtain X-ray spectroscopic redshifts. Using the X-ray coloura-colour diagram based on the rest-frame 3{\^a}̂'5 keV, 5{\^a}̂'9 keV,and 9{\^a}̂'20 keV bands, seven objects were selected for their 9{\^a}̂'20 keV excess and were found to be strongly absorbed X-ray sources with column density of NH {\^a}‰1 0.6 {\~A}-1024 cm -2, including two possible Compton thick sources. While they are emitting at quasar luminosity, {\^a}̂1/43/4 of the sample objects are found to be absorbed by NH 1022 cm -2. A comparison with local AGN at the matched luminosity suggests an increasing trend of the absorbed source fraction for high-luminosity AGN towards high redshifts.",
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AU - Vignali, C.

AU - Comastri, A.

AU - Brandt, W. N.

AU - Ranalli, P.

AU - Vito, F.

AU - Cappelluti, Nico

AU - Carrera, F. J.

AU - Falocco, S.

AU - Georgantopoulos, I.

AU - Mainieri, V.

AU - Paolillo, M.

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AB - We present results on a search of heavily obscured active galaxies z 1.7 using the rest-frame 9â̂'20 keV excess for X-ray sources detected in the deep XMM-CDFS survey. Out of 176 sources selected with the conservative detection criteria (8Ï) in the first source catalogue of Ranalli et al. (in prep.), 46 objects lie in the redshift range of interest with the median redshift Ëœz ≃ 2.5. Their typical rest-frame 10â̂'20 keV luminosity is 1044 erg s -1, as observed. Among optically faint objects that lack spectroscopic redshift, four were found to be strongly absorbed X-ray sources, and the enhanced Fe K emission or absorption features in their X-ray spectra were used to obtain X-ray spectroscopic redshifts. Using the X-ray coloura-colour diagram based on the rest-frame 3â̂'5 keV, 5â̂'9 keV,and 9â̂'20 keV bands, seven objects were selected for their 9â̂'20 keV excess and were found to be strongly absorbed X-ray sources with column density of NH â‰1 0.6 Ã-1024 cm -2, including two possible Compton thick sources. While they are emitting at quasar luminosity, â̂1/43/4 of the sample objects are found to be absorbed by NH 1022 cm -2. A comparison with local AGN at the matched luminosity suggests an increasing trend of the absorbed source fraction for high-luminosity AGN towards high redshifts.

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