The Vectorcardiographic Criteria of Hemodynamical Overloadings in Congenital Heart Disease

A. Castellanos, F. A. Hernandez, L. Lemberg, A. Castellanos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


The spatial vectorcardiogram is a helpful tool in detecting hemodynamical overloadings in congenital heart disease. However, the evaluation of the loops should be made taking into consideration, the underlying type of anatomical defect, as well as the age of the patient. Even then a perfect correlation canot be expected. Inspite of the fact that the vectorcardiogram does reflect hemodynamical changes, as well as conduction disturbances related to the former, the possibility of primary defects of the conducting system has to be held in mind. These are able to masquerade lhe physiological changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-407
Number of pages16
JournalCardiology (Switzerland)
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1964


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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