The utrecht-management of identity commitments scale (U-MICS) Italian validation and cross-national comparisons

Elisabetta Crocetti, Seth J. Schwartz, Alessandra Fermani, Wim Meeus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch and Italian versions of the Utrecht-Management of Identity Commitments Scale (U-MICS) in large community samples of adolescents from Italy (N = 1,975) and The Netherlands (N = 1,521). Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the three-factor model, consisting of commitment, in-depth exploration, and reconsideration of commitment, provided a better fit to the data than alternative one- and two-factor models. The three-factor model fit equivaiently across sex and across age groups (early and middle adolescents). Furthermore, we demonstrated cross-national equivalence of the factor structure of the U-MICS. Additionally, results indicated that the latent means for commitment were higher in the Dutch sample, while latent means for both in-depth exploration and reconsideration of commitment were substantially higher in the Italian sample. The three identity processes were found to be meaningfully related to measures of self-concept, psychosocial problems, and parent-adolescent relations in both countries. These findings suggest that the U-MICS is a reliable tool for assessing identity processes in Italian and Dutch adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-186
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychological Assessment
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2010


  • Adolescents
  • Cross-national comparisons
  • Identity
  • Italy
  • The Netherlands
  • U-MICS
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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