The Utility of the 2-Minute Walk Test as a Measure of Mobility in People With Lower Limb Amputation

Ignacio Gaunaurd, Anat Kristal, Amber Horn, Chloe Krueger, Olivia Muro, Alyssa Rosenberg, Kurt Gruben, Neva Kirk-Sanchez, Paul Pasquina, Robert Gailey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To establish reference values for the 2-minute walk test (2-MWT) distance and gait speed in people with a lower limb amputation (LLA) who are prosthetic ambulators. Also, to describe the differences in distance and gait speed between sexes, causes of amputation, levels of amputation, health risk classification, functional levels, and age groups. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: National meeting for people with lower limb amputation. Participants: A convenience sample of unilateral people (N=101; 47 men, 54 women; mean age ± SD, 50.9±14.3 y) with an LLA; 48 had a transtibial amputation and 53 had a transfemoral amputation. Participants were classified as either limited community ambulators, community ambulators, or those who exceed basic ambulation skills (K2, n=7; K3, n=70; K4, n=24). Intervention: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measure: 2-MWT performance (ie, distance and gait speed). Results: The mean ± SD 2-MWT distance and gait speed for the entire sample was 143.8±37.5 meters (range, 49-259 m) and 72.1±18.8 meters per minute (range, 25-130 m/min), respectively. Men walked farther (distance: men, 154.2±34.2 m; women, 134.4±38.1 m) and faster (gait speed: men, 77.3±17.1 m/min; women, 67.4±19.1 m/min) than women (P<.05). The mean ± SD 2-MWT distance for K4, K3, and K2 level participants was 177.9±31.1 meters, 138.4±28.5 meters, and 81.7±26.9 meters, respectively. Functional level K4 participants performed better than K3 participants (P<.05), and K3 participants performed better than K2 participants (P<.05). People with transtibial amputation walked farther than those with transfemoral amputation (152.9±43.0 m vs 135.6±43.0 m) (P<.05). The distance and speed ambulated by those participants classified in the very high health risk group was worse than those categorized as being at an increased high health risk group (P<.05) and the no increase health risk group (P<.05). The performance of participants older than 70 years old was inferior to the performance of all younger age groups. Conclusions: Reference values for the 2-MWT distance and gait speed were established in people with LLA who are prosthetic ambulators. Significant differences in the 2-MWT performance were found between sexes, causes of amputation, levels of amputation, health risk classification, functional levels, and age groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Amputees
  • Gait
  • Lower extremity
  • Outcome assessment, health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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