The tropical atlantic observing system

Gregory R. Foltź, Peter Brandt, Ingo Richter, Belen Rodriguez-fonseca, Fabrice Hernandez, Marcus Dengler, Regina R. Rodrigues, Jörn O. Schmidt, Lisan Yu, Nathalie Lefevre, Leticia Cotrim Da Cunha, Michael J. McPhaden, Moacyr C. Araujo Filho, Johannes Karstensen, Johannes Hahn, Marta Martín-Rey, Christina M. Patricola, Paul Poli, Paquita Zuidema, Rebecca HummelsRenellys C. Perez, Vanessa Hatje, Joke Luebbecke, Irene Polo, Rick Lumpkin, Bernard Bourlès, Francis E. Asuquo, Patrick Lehodey, Anna Conchon, Ping Chang, Philippe Dandin, Claudia Schmid, Adrienne J. Sutton, Herve Giordani, Yan Xue, Serena Illig, Teresa Losada, Semyon Grodsky, Florent Gasparin, Tong Lee, Elsa Mohino, Paulo Nobre, Rik Wanninkhof, Noel S. Keenlyside, Veronique Garcon, Emilia Sanchez-Gomez, Hyacinth C. Nnamchi, Marie Drevillon, Andrea Storto, Elisabeth Remy, Alban Lazar, Sabrina Speich, Marlos P. Goes, Tarquin Dorrington, William E Johns, James N. Moum, Carol Robinson, Coralie Perruche, Ronald B. Souza, Amadou Gaye, Jorge Lopez-Parages, Paul Arthur Monerie, Paola Castellanos, Nsikak U. Benson, Mahouton N. Hounkonnou, Janice T. Duha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic biological productivity, and atmospheric circulation in the equatorial Pacific. The tropical Atlantic also connects the southern and northern branches of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and receives freshwater input from some of the world's largest rivers. To address these diverse, unique, and interconnected research challenges, a rich network of ocean observations has developed, building on the backbone of the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). This network has evolved naturally over time and out of necessity in order to address the most important outstanding scientific questions and to improve predictions of tropical Atlantic severe weather and global climate variability and change. The tropical Atlantic observing system is motivated by goals to understand and better predict phenomena such as tropical Atlantic interannual to decadal variability and climate change; multidecadal variability and its links to the meridional overturning circulation; air-sea fluxes of CO2 and their implications for the fate of anthropogenic CO2; the Amazon River plume and its interactions with biogeochemistry, vertical mixing, and hurricanes; the highly productive eastern boundary and equatorial upwelling systems; and oceanic oxygen minimum zones, their impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems, and their feedbacks to climate. Past success of the tropical Atlantic observing system is the result of an international commitment to sustained observations and scientific cooperation, a willingness to evolve with changing research and monitoring needs, and a desire to share data openly with the scientific community and operational centers. The observing system must continue to evolve in order to meet an expanding set of research priorities and operational challenges. This paper discusses the tropical Atlantic observing system, including emerging scientific questions that demand sustained ocean observations, the potential for further integration of the observing system, and the requirements for sustaining and enhancing the tropical Atlantic observing system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number206
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume6
Issue numberAPR
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hurricanes
hurricanes
meridional circulation
climate
hurricane
oceans
Rivers
Biogeochemistry
carbon dioxide
atmospheric circulation
Amazon River
Aquatic ecosystems
river plume
freshwater input
severe weather
prediction
biogeochemistry
climate variation
biogeochemical cycle
ocean

Keywords

  • Biogeochemistry
  • Climate
  • Coupled model bias
  • Ecosystem
  • Hurricane
  • Observing system
  • Tropical atlantic ocean
  • Weather

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Ocean Engineering

Cite this

Foltź, G. R., Brandt, P., Richter, I., Rodriguez-fonseca, B., Hernandez, F., Dengler, M., ... Duha, J. T. (2019). The tropical atlantic observing system. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(APR), [206]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00206

The tropical atlantic observing system. / Foltź, Gregory R.; Brandt, Peter; Richter, Ingo; Rodriguez-fonseca, Belen; Hernandez, Fabrice; Dengler, Marcus; Rodrigues, Regina R.; Schmidt, Jörn O.; Yu, Lisan; Lefevre, Nathalie; Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim; McPhaden, Michael J.; Araujo Filho, Moacyr C.; Karstensen, Johannes; Hahn, Johannes; Martín-Rey, Marta; Patricola, Christina M.; Poli, Paul; Zuidema, Paquita; Hummels, Rebecca; Perez, Renellys C.; Hatje, Vanessa; Luebbecke, Joke; Polo, Irene; Lumpkin, Rick; Bourlès, Bernard; Asuquo, Francis E.; Lehodey, Patrick; Conchon, Anna; Chang, Ping; Dandin, Philippe; Schmid, Claudia; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Giordani, Herve; Xue, Yan; Illig, Serena; Losada, Teresa; Grodsky, Semyon; Gasparin, Florent; Lee, Tong; Mohino, Elsa; Nobre, Paulo; Wanninkhof, Rik; Keenlyside, Noel S.; Garcon, Veronique; Sanchez-Gomez, Emilia; Nnamchi, Hyacinth C.; Drevillon, Marie; Storto, Andrea; Remy, Elisabeth; Lazar, Alban; Speich, Sabrina; Goes, Marlos P.; Dorrington, Tarquin; Johns, William E; Moum, James N.; Robinson, Carol; Perruche, Coralie; Souza, Ronald B.; Gaye, Amadou; Lopez-Parages, Jorge; Monerie, Paul Arthur; Castellanos, Paola; Benson, Nsikak U.; Hounkonnou, Mahouton N.; Duha, Janice T.

In: Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol. 6, No. APR, 206, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Foltź, GR, Brandt, P, Richter, I, Rodriguez-fonseca, B, Hernandez, F, Dengler, M, Rodrigues, RR, Schmidt, JO, Yu, L, Lefevre, N, Da Cunha, LC, McPhaden, MJ, Araujo Filho, MC, Karstensen, J, Hahn, J, Martín-Rey, M, Patricola, CM, Poli, P, Zuidema, P, Hummels, R, Perez, RC, Hatje, V, Luebbecke, J, Polo, I, Lumpkin, R, Bourlès, B, Asuquo, FE, Lehodey, P, Conchon, A, Chang, P, Dandin, P, Schmid, C, Sutton, AJ, Giordani, H, Xue, Y, Illig, S, Losada, T, Grodsky, S, Gasparin, F, Lee, T, Mohino, E, Nobre, P, Wanninkhof, R, Keenlyside, NS, Garcon, V, Sanchez-Gomez, E, Nnamchi, HC, Drevillon, M, Storto, A, Remy, E, Lazar, A, Speich, S, Goes, MP, Dorrington, T, Johns, WE, Moum, JN, Robinson, C, Perruche, C, Souza, RB, Gaye, A, Lopez-Parages, J, Monerie, PA, Castellanos, P, Benson, NU, Hounkonnou, MN & Duha, JT 2019, 'The tropical atlantic observing system', Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 6, no. APR, 206. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00206
Foltź GR, Brandt P, Richter I, Rodriguez-fonseca B, Hernandez F, Dengler M et al. The tropical atlantic observing system. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019 Jan 1;6(APR). 206. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00206
Foltź, Gregory R. ; Brandt, Peter ; Richter, Ingo ; Rodriguez-fonseca, Belen ; Hernandez, Fabrice ; Dengler, Marcus ; Rodrigues, Regina R. ; Schmidt, Jörn O. ; Yu, Lisan ; Lefevre, Nathalie ; Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim ; McPhaden, Michael J. ; Araujo Filho, Moacyr C. ; Karstensen, Johannes ; Hahn, Johannes ; Martín-Rey, Marta ; Patricola, Christina M. ; Poli, Paul ; Zuidema, Paquita ; Hummels, Rebecca ; Perez, Renellys C. ; Hatje, Vanessa ; Luebbecke, Joke ; Polo, Irene ; Lumpkin, Rick ; Bourlès, Bernard ; Asuquo, Francis E. ; Lehodey, Patrick ; Conchon, Anna ; Chang, Ping ; Dandin, Philippe ; Schmid, Claudia ; Sutton, Adrienne J. ; Giordani, Herve ; Xue, Yan ; Illig, Serena ; Losada, Teresa ; Grodsky, Semyon ; Gasparin, Florent ; Lee, Tong ; Mohino, Elsa ; Nobre, Paulo ; Wanninkhof, Rik ; Keenlyside, Noel S. ; Garcon, Veronique ; Sanchez-Gomez, Emilia ; Nnamchi, Hyacinth C. ; Drevillon, Marie ; Storto, Andrea ; Remy, Elisabeth ; Lazar, Alban ; Speich, Sabrina ; Goes, Marlos P. ; Dorrington, Tarquin ; Johns, William E ; Moum, James N. ; Robinson, Carol ; Perruche, Coralie ; Souza, Ronald B. ; Gaye, Amadou ; Lopez-Parages, Jorge ; Monerie, Paul Arthur ; Castellanos, Paola ; Benson, Nsikak U. ; Hounkonnou, Mahouton N. ; Duha, Janice T. / The tropical atlantic observing system. In: Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019 ; Vol. 6, No. APR.
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abstract = "The tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic biological productivity, and atmospheric circulation in the equatorial Pacific. The tropical Atlantic also connects the southern and northern branches of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and receives freshwater input from some of the world's largest rivers. To address these diverse, unique, and interconnected research challenges, a rich network of ocean observations has developed, building on the backbone of the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). This network has evolved naturally over time and out of necessity in order to address the most important outstanding scientific questions and to improve predictions of tropical Atlantic severe weather and global climate variability and change. The tropical Atlantic observing system is motivated by goals to understand and better predict phenomena such as tropical Atlantic interannual to decadal variability and climate change; multidecadal variability and its links to the meridional overturning circulation; air-sea fluxes of CO2 and their implications for the fate of anthropogenic CO2; the Amazon River plume and its interactions with biogeochemistry, vertical mixing, and hurricanes; the highly productive eastern boundary and equatorial upwelling systems; and oceanic oxygen minimum zones, their impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems, and their feedbacks to climate. Past success of the tropical Atlantic observing system is the result of an international commitment to sustained observations and scientific cooperation, a willingness to evolve with changing research and monitoring needs, and a desire to share data openly with the scientific community and operational centers. The observing system must continue to evolve in order to meet an expanding set of research priorities and operational challenges. This paper discusses the tropical Atlantic observing system, including emerging scientific questions that demand sustained ocean observations, the potential for further integration of the observing system, and the requirements for sustaining and enhancing the tropical Atlantic observing system.",
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AU - Foltź, Gregory R.

AU - Brandt, Peter

AU - Richter, Ingo

AU - Rodriguez-fonseca, Belen

AU - Hernandez, Fabrice

AU - Dengler, Marcus

AU - Rodrigues, Regina R.

AU - Schmidt, Jörn O.

AU - Yu, Lisan

AU - Lefevre, Nathalie

AU - Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim

AU - McPhaden, Michael J.

AU - Araujo Filho, Moacyr C.

AU - Karstensen, Johannes

AU - Hahn, Johannes

AU - Martín-Rey, Marta

AU - Patricola, Christina M.

AU - Poli, Paul

AU - Zuidema, Paquita

AU - Hummels, Rebecca

AU - Perez, Renellys C.

AU - Hatje, Vanessa

AU - Luebbecke, Joke

AU - Polo, Irene

AU - Lumpkin, Rick

AU - Bourlès, Bernard

AU - Asuquo, Francis E.

AU - Lehodey, Patrick

AU - Conchon, Anna

AU - Chang, Ping

AU - Dandin, Philippe

AU - Schmid, Claudia

AU - Sutton, Adrienne J.

AU - Giordani, Herve

AU - Xue, Yan

AU - Illig, Serena

AU - Losada, Teresa

AU - Grodsky, Semyon

AU - Gasparin, Florent

AU - Lee, Tong

AU - Mohino, Elsa

AU - Nobre, Paulo

AU - Wanninkhof, Rik

AU - Keenlyside, Noel S.

AU - Garcon, Veronique

AU - Sanchez-Gomez, Emilia

AU - Nnamchi, Hyacinth C.

AU - Drevillon, Marie

AU - Storto, Andrea

AU - Remy, Elisabeth

AU - Lazar, Alban

AU - Speich, Sabrina

AU - Goes, Marlos P.

AU - Dorrington, Tarquin

AU - Johns, William E

AU - Moum, James N.

AU - Robinson, Carol

AU - Perruche, Coralie

AU - Souza, Ronald B.

AU - Gaye, Amadou

AU - Lopez-Parages, Jorge

AU - Monerie, Paul Arthur

AU - Castellanos, Paola

AU - Benson, Nsikak U.

AU - Hounkonnou, Mahouton N.

AU - Duha, Janice T.

PY - 2019/1/1

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N2 - The tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic biological productivity, and atmospheric circulation in the equatorial Pacific. The tropical Atlantic also connects the southern and northern branches of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and receives freshwater input from some of the world's largest rivers. To address these diverse, unique, and interconnected research challenges, a rich network of ocean observations has developed, building on the backbone of the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). This network has evolved naturally over time and out of necessity in order to address the most important outstanding scientific questions and to improve predictions of tropical Atlantic severe weather and global climate variability and change. The tropical Atlantic observing system is motivated by goals to understand and better predict phenomena such as tropical Atlantic interannual to decadal variability and climate change; multidecadal variability and its links to the meridional overturning circulation; air-sea fluxes of CO2 and their implications for the fate of anthropogenic CO2; the Amazon River plume and its interactions with biogeochemistry, vertical mixing, and hurricanes; the highly productive eastern boundary and equatorial upwelling systems; and oceanic oxygen minimum zones, their impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems, and their feedbacks to climate. Past success of the tropical Atlantic observing system is the result of an international commitment to sustained observations and scientific cooperation, a willingness to evolve with changing research and monitoring needs, and a desire to share data openly with the scientific community and operational centers. The observing system must continue to evolve in order to meet an expanding set of research priorities and operational challenges. This paper discusses the tropical Atlantic observing system, including emerging scientific questions that demand sustained ocean observations, the potential for further integration of the observing system, and the requirements for sustaining and enhancing the tropical Atlantic observing system.

AB - The tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic biological productivity, and atmospheric circulation in the equatorial Pacific. The tropical Atlantic also connects the southern and northern branches of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and receives freshwater input from some of the world's largest rivers. To address these diverse, unique, and interconnected research challenges, a rich network of ocean observations has developed, building on the backbone of the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). This network has evolved naturally over time and out of necessity in order to address the most important outstanding scientific questions and to improve predictions of tropical Atlantic severe weather and global climate variability and change. The tropical Atlantic observing system is motivated by goals to understand and better predict phenomena such as tropical Atlantic interannual to decadal variability and climate change; multidecadal variability and its links to the meridional overturning circulation; air-sea fluxes of CO2 and their implications for the fate of anthropogenic CO2; the Amazon River plume and its interactions with biogeochemistry, vertical mixing, and hurricanes; the highly productive eastern boundary and equatorial upwelling systems; and oceanic oxygen minimum zones, their impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems, and their feedbacks to climate. Past success of the tropical Atlantic observing system is the result of an international commitment to sustained observations and scientific cooperation, a willingness to evolve with changing research and monitoring needs, and a desire to share data openly with the scientific community and operational centers. The observing system must continue to evolve in order to meet an expanding set of research priorities and operational challenges. This paper discusses the tropical Atlantic observing system, including emerging scientific questions that demand sustained ocean observations, the potential for further integration of the observing system, and the requirements for sustaining and enhancing the tropical Atlantic observing system.

KW - Biogeochemistry

KW - Climate

KW - Coupled model bias

KW - Ecosystem

KW - Hurricane

KW - Observing system

KW - Tropical atlantic ocean

KW - Weather

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