Mutant p53 alleles that have a recessive phenotype in human tumors can, in cooperation with an activated Hras gene, transform rat embryo fibroblasts (REFs). Mutant p53 proteins differ from wild type, and from each other in conformation, localization and transforming potential. Missense mutations in codons 143,175 and 275 confer strong transforming potential. A serine 135 p53 mutant has an intermediate transforming potential, while the histidine codon 273 allele transforms weakly, if at all. In contrast to the wild type p53 gene, mutant p53 alleles with strong transforming ability cannot suppress the transformation of REFs by other oncogenes. The His273 allele retains partial suppressor function in this assay. The relevance of p53 oligomerization, phosphorylation and nuclear translocation to the transforming potential of mutant p53 and to wild type p53 suppressor function were examined. The inability of mutant p53 polypeptides to form homodimers correlates with loss of transforming function. Monomeric variants of wild type p53 protein, however, retain the ability to suppress focus formation. Phosphorylation of serine residues 315 and 392 is not required for the transforming function of mutant p53, nor is serine 315 required for suppressor function when these alleles are constitutively expressed in REF assays. Nuclear translocation-defective mutant and wild type p53 proteins retain transforming and suppressor function in REF assays.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1993|
- Nuclear translocation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology