The toadfish serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptor: Molecular characterization and its potential role in urea excretion

Edward M. Mager, Lea R. Medeiros, Anthony P. Lange, M. Danielle McDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Based on early pharmacological work, the serotonin 2A (5-HT2A) receptor subtype is believed to be involved in the regulation of toadfish pulsatile urea excretion. The goal of the following study was to characterize the toadfish 5-HT2A receptor at a molecular level, to determine the tissues in which this receptor is predominantly expressed and to further investigate the pharmacological specificity of toadfish pulsatile urea excretion by examining the effect of ketanserin, a 5-HT2A receptor antagonist, on resting rates of pulsatile urea excretion. The full-length toadfish 5-HT2A receptor encodes a 496 amino acid sequence and shares 57-80% sequence identity to 5-HT2A receptors of other organisms, with 100% conservation among important ligand-binding residues. Toadfish 5-HT2A receptor mRNA expression was highest in the swim bladder and gonad, followed by the whole brain. All other tissues tested (esophagus, stomach, anterior intestine, posterior intestine, rectum, liver, kidney, heart, muscle and gill) had mRNA expression levels that were significantly less than whole brain. Toadfish 5-HT2A receptor mRNA expression within the brain was highest in the hindbrain, telencephalon and midbrain/diencephalon regions. Treatment with the 5-HT2A receptor antagonist, ketanserin, resulted in a significant decrease in the pulsatile component of spontaneous urea excretion due to a reduction in urea pulse size with no significant change in pulse frequency. These results lend further support for the 5-HT2A receptor in the regulation of pulsatile urea excretion in toadfish.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-326
Number of pages8
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A Molecular and Integrative Physiology
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Nov 2012


  • Ammonia
  • Gill
  • Gulf toadfish
  • Nitrogen excretion
  • Opsanus beta
  • Swim bladder
  • TUT
  • Urea transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physiology


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