The pathophysiology of ischemia/reperfusion injury involves extravascular migration of leukocytes from the bloodstream to the site of injury. Leukocyte adhesion and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) play an important role in the recruitment of leukocytes to the site of injury. In this study, we evaluated the role of the ICAM-1 in spinal cord ischemia and the therapeutic effects of epidural ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody (Mab). The descending aorta was occluded below the renal artery with an aneurysm clip in rabbits anesthetized with halothane. The following variables were evaluated, in addition to ICAM-1 expression in the lumbar spinal cord, in animals receiving saline or ICAM-1 Mab via the epidural route: (1) leukocyte recruitment in the lumen of capillary vessels of the lumbar spinal cord (L6-7) at 8 h after 30 min of aortic occlusion and (2) neurological evaluation at 20 h after aortic occlusion of 10, 15, 17.5, 20, or 25 min. Paraplegia was graded with the following scale: Grade 0, no deficit; Grade 1, partial deficit; and Grade 2, complete paraplegia. Spinal cord ischemia increased the expression of ICAM-1 in the endothelium of spinal cord capillaries and led to capillary leukocyte recruitment and extravascular migration into the lumbar spinal cord parenchyma, which was ablated with epidural ICAM-1 Mab. Epidural ICAM-1 Mab reduced neurological deficits and offered neuroprotection. These findings demonstrate the involvement of the ICAM-1 pathway in spinal cord ischemia and the neuroprotective effects of epidural ICAM-1 Mab. Strategies to ameliorate spinal cord ischemia may entail the administration of leukocyte antiadhesion molecules into the neuraxial space.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Anesthesia and analgesia|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine