The temporal frequency response function of pattern ERG and VEP: Changes in optic neuritis

Benedetto Falsini, Vittorio Porciatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Steady-state pattern electroretinograms (PERGs) and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in response to sinusoidal gratings (2 c/deg), sinusoidally counterphased at closely spaced temporal frequencies (TFs) between 4 and 28 Hz, were recorded from 11 patients with unilateral optic neuritis (ON; 11 affected eyes and 10 healthy fellow eyes) and 7 age-matched normal subjects (7 eyes). Amplitude and phase of responses' second harmonics were measured. Responses' apparent latencies were estimated from the rate at which phase lagged with TF. When compared to control values, mean PERG and VEP amplitudes of ON eyes were reduced (by about 0.4 log units) at both low (5-10 Hz) and high (16-20 Hz) TFs. Mean PERG amplitudes of fellow eyes were selectively reduced at low TFs (by about 0.3 log units). Mean PERG apparent latencies of both ON and fellow eyes were delayed (by 15 and 9 ms, respectively). Mean VEP apparent latency of ON eyes was delayed at both low and high TFs (by 24 and 30 ms, respectively), while that of fellow eyes was selectively delayed at high TFs (by 28 ms). The results in ON eyes indicate non-selective abnormalities of PERG and VEP generators responding at both low and high TFs. VEP TF losses may be in part accounted for by corresponding PERG losses. In the fellow eyes of patients, more selective PERG and VEP TF abnormalities may suggest differential impairment of retinal and postretinal subsystems responding better to low and high TFs (i.e. parvo- and magnocellular streams).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-435
Number of pages8
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology - Evoked Potentials
Volume100
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996

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Keywords

  • Optic neuritis
  • Pattern electroretinogram
  • Steady-state analysis
  • Temporal frequency
  • Visual evoked potentials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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