The template-directed synthesis of cyclobis(paraquat-4,4′-biphenylene)

Peter R. Ashton, Stephan Menzer, Françisco M. Raymo, George K.H. Shimizu, J. Fraser Stoddart, David J. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The self-assembly of a π-electron deficient bipyridinium-based cyclophane around a π-electron rich ferrocene-based polyether as template provides a relatively simple method of self-assembling, in preparative yields, an organic molecular square - namely, cyclobis(paraquat-4,4′-biphenylene) - that is able to recognise and bind π-electron rich guests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-490
Number of pages4
JournalChemical Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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