The structure of health status among Hispanic, African American, and white older adults

Timothy E. Stump, Daniel O. Clark, Robert Johnson, Fredric D. Wolinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental ADLs, and disability markers have traditionally been the most common indicators of functional status. The study on Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) is used to replicate a five-dimensional measurement model composed of these observable indicators among the older adult self-respondents. The items available to measure upper body disability were found wanting, but the lower body disability, and the basic, household, and advanced ADL constructs were confirmed. Analyses of the measurement model separately among subgroups of women, men, Hispanics, Mexican Americans, African Americans, and Whites found no meaningful differences. Two structural models linking the lower body disability, and the basic, household, and advanced ADL constructs to perceived health and depression were also replicated among the older adult self-respondents, as well as separately among African Americans and among Whites. These models reaffirmed the dominant role of lower body disability on the everyday activities of older adults, and on their perceived health and depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume52
Issue numberSPEC. ISS.
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Activities of Daily Living
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Health Status
health status
disability
Health
health
Depression
Body Weights and Measures
Structural Models
structural model
assets
American
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Aging
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

The structure of health status among Hispanic, African American, and white older adults. / Stump, Timothy E.; Clark, Daniel O.; Johnson, Robert; Wolinsky, Fredric D.

In: Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, Vol. 52, No. SPEC. ISS., 1997, p. 49-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b4bffa24db514c978efa1a569280f6e7,
title = "The structure of health status among Hispanic, African American, and white older adults",
abstract = "Activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental ADLs, and disability markers have traditionally been the most common indicators of functional status. The study on Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) is used to replicate a five-dimensional measurement model composed of these observable indicators among the older adult self-respondents. The items available to measure upper body disability were found wanting, but the lower body disability, and the basic, household, and advanced ADL constructs were confirmed. Analyses of the measurement model separately among subgroups of women, men, Hispanics, Mexican Americans, African Americans, and Whites found no meaningful differences. Two structural models linking the lower body disability, and the basic, household, and advanced ADL constructs to perceived health and depression were also replicated among the older adult self-respondents, as well as separately among African Americans and among Whites. These models reaffirmed the dominant role of lower body disability on the everyday activities of older adults, and on their perceived health and depression.",
author = "Stump, {Timothy E.} and Clark, {Daniel O.} and Robert Johnson and Wolinsky, {Fredric D.}",
year = "1997",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "52",
pages = "49--60",
journal = "Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences",
issn = "1079-5014",
publisher = "Gerontological Society of America",
number = "SPEC. ISS.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The structure of health status among Hispanic, African American, and white older adults

AU - Stump, Timothy E.

AU - Clark, Daniel O.

AU - Johnson, Robert

AU - Wolinsky, Fredric D.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental ADLs, and disability markers have traditionally been the most common indicators of functional status. The study on Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) is used to replicate a five-dimensional measurement model composed of these observable indicators among the older adult self-respondents. The items available to measure upper body disability were found wanting, but the lower body disability, and the basic, household, and advanced ADL constructs were confirmed. Analyses of the measurement model separately among subgroups of women, men, Hispanics, Mexican Americans, African Americans, and Whites found no meaningful differences. Two structural models linking the lower body disability, and the basic, household, and advanced ADL constructs to perceived health and depression were also replicated among the older adult self-respondents, as well as separately among African Americans and among Whites. These models reaffirmed the dominant role of lower body disability on the everyday activities of older adults, and on their perceived health and depression.

AB - Activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental ADLs, and disability markers have traditionally been the most common indicators of functional status. The study on Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) is used to replicate a five-dimensional measurement model composed of these observable indicators among the older adult self-respondents. The items available to measure upper body disability were found wanting, but the lower body disability, and the basic, household, and advanced ADL constructs were confirmed. Analyses of the measurement model separately among subgroups of women, men, Hispanics, Mexican Americans, African Americans, and Whites found no meaningful differences. Two structural models linking the lower body disability, and the basic, household, and advanced ADL constructs to perceived health and depression were also replicated among the older adult self-respondents, as well as separately among African Americans and among Whites. These models reaffirmed the dominant role of lower body disability on the everyday activities of older adults, and on their perceived health and depression.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030930488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030930488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9215357

AN - SCOPUS:0030930488

VL - 52

SP - 49

EP - 60

JO - Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

JF - Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences

SN - 1079-5014

IS - SPEC. ISS.

ER -