The state of hormonal contraception today: Established and emerging noncontraceptive health benefits

Karla E Maguire, Carolyn Westhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the 50 years since the advent of combined oral contraceptives the amount of estrogen in oral contraceptives dropped from over 100 mcg to less than 30 mcg. Many noncontraceptive health benefits have emerged that decrease mortality and improve quality of life. Some of the immediate benefits include improvement of menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea, reduction in premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms, and decreased acne. As an effective birth control method oral contraceptives also decrease pregnancy-related deaths by preventing pregnancy. After the reproductive years, previous use of oral contraceptives continues to be beneficial, reducing the risk of death from ovarian and endometrial cancer. All these benefits have held up over time whereas cardiovascular risks have lessened because of the decrease in oral contraceptive pill dosage. Decreased ovarian cyst formation is an example of benefit with higher-dose oral contraceptive formulations that no longer holds true with low-dose pills.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume205
Issue number4 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

Fingerprint

Insurance Benefits
Oral Contraceptives
Contraception
Contraceptives, Oral, Combined
Menorrhagia
Pregnancy
Dysmenorrhea
Ovarian Cysts
Acne Vulgaris
Endometrial Neoplasms
Ovarian Neoplasms
Estrogens
Quality of Life
Mortality

Keywords

  • menstrual bleeding patterns
  • noncontraceptive benefits
  • oral contraceptives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

The state of hormonal contraception today : Established and emerging noncontraceptive health benefits. / Maguire, Karla E; Westhoff, Carolyn.

In: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 205, No. 4 SUPPL., 01.10.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b8a3b832ae0e42339e9a1f7ed64c2d68,
title = "The state of hormonal contraception today: Established and emerging noncontraceptive health benefits",
abstract = "In the 50 years since the advent of combined oral contraceptives the amount of estrogen in oral contraceptives dropped from over 100 mcg to less than 30 mcg. Many noncontraceptive health benefits have emerged that decrease mortality and improve quality of life. Some of the immediate benefits include improvement of menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea, reduction in premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms, and decreased acne. As an effective birth control method oral contraceptives also decrease pregnancy-related deaths by preventing pregnancy. After the reproductive years, previous use of oral contraceptives continues to be beneficial, reducing the risk of death from ovarian and endometrial cancer. All these benefits have held up over time whereas cardiovascular risks have lessened because of the decrease in oral contraceptive pill dosage. Decreased ovarian cyst formation is an example of benefit with higher-dose oral contraceptive formulations that no longer holds true with low-dose pills.",
keywords = "menstrual bleeding patterns, noncontraceptive benefits, oral contraceptives",
author = "Maguire, {Karla E} and Carolyn Westhoff",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ajog.2011.06.056",
language = "English",
volume = "205",
journal = "American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology",
issn = "0002-9378",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",
number = "4 SUPPL.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The state of hormonal contraception today

T2 - Established and emerging noncontraceptive health benefits

AU - Maguire, Karla E

AU - Westhoff, Carolyn

PY - 2011/10/1

Y1 - 2011/10/1

N2 - In the 50 years since the advent of combined oral contraceptives the amount of estrogen in oral contraceptives dropped from over 100 mcg to less than 30 mcg. Many noncontraceptive health benefits have emerged that decrease mortality and improve quality of life. Some of the immediate benefits include improvement of menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea, reduction in premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms, and decreased acne. As an effective birth control method oral contraceptives also decrease pregnancy-related deaths by preventing pregnancy. After the reproductive years, previous use of oral contraceptives continues to be beneficial, reducing the risk of death from ovarian and endometrial cancer. All these benefits have held up over time whereas cardiovascular risks have lessened because of the decrease in oral contraceptive pill dosage. Decreased ovarian cyst formation is an example of benefit with higher-dose oral contraceptive formulations that no longer holds true with low-dose pills.

AB - In the 50 years since the advent of combined oral contraceptives the amount of estrogen in oral contraceptives dropped from over 100 mcg to less than 30 mcg. Many noncontraceptive health benefits have emerged that decrease mortality and improve quality of life. Some of the immediate benefits include improvement of menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea, reduction in premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms, and decreased acne. As an effective birth control method oral contraceptives also decrease pregnancy-related deaths by preventing pregnancy. After the reproductive years, previous use of oral contraceptives continues to be beneficial, reducing the risk of death from ovarian and endometrial cancer. All these benefits have held up over time whereas cardiovascular risks have lessened because of the decrease in oral contraceptive pill dosage. Decreased ovarian cyst formation is an example of benefit with higher-dose oral contraceptive formulations that no longer holds true with low-dose pills.

KW - menstrual bleeding patterns

KW - noncontraceptive benefits

KW - oral contraceptives

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80053361352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80053361352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ajog.2011.06.056

DO - 10.1016/j.ajog.2011.06.056

M3 - Article

C2 - 21961824

AN - SCOPUS:80053361352

VL - 205

JO - American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

JF - American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

SN - 0002-9378

IS - 4 SUPPL.

ER -