The skin of fish as a transport epithelium: A review

Chris N. Glover, Carol Bucking, Chris M. Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The primary function of fish skin is to act as a barrier. It provides protection against physical damage and assists with the maintenance of homoeostasis by minimising exchange between the animal and the environment. However in some fish, the skin may play a more active physiological role. This is particularly true in species that inhabit specialised environmental niches (e.g. amphibious and air-breathing fish such as the lungfish), those with physiological characteristics that may subvert the need for the integument as a barrier (e.g. the osmoconforming hagfish), and/or fish with anatomical modifications of the epidermis (e.g. reduced epithelial thickness). Using examples from different fish groups (e.g. hagfishes, elasmobranchs and teleosts), the importance of fish skin as a transport epithelium for gases, ions, nitrogenous waste products, and nutrients was reviewed. The role of the skin in larval fish was also examined, with early life stages often utilising the skin as a surrogate gill, prior to the development of a functional branchial epithelium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)877-891
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
Volume183
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

Fingerprint

Fish
skin
Skin
Fishes
epithelium
Epithelium
Myxini
fish
skin (animal)
Hagfishes
epidermis (animal)
integument
breathing
homeostasis
gills
niches
Elasmobranchii
Waste Products
gases
ions

Keywords

  • Ammonia excretion
  • Epidermis
  • Gas exchange
  • Integument
  • Ionoregulation
  • Nutrient absorption
  • Skin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

The skin of fish as a transport epithelium : A review. / Glover, Chris N.; Bucking, Carol; Wood, Chris M.

In: Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology, Vol. 183, No. 7, 01.10.2013, p. 877-891.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glover, Chris N. ; Bucking, Carol ; Wood, Chris M. / The skin of fish as a transport epithelium : A review. In: Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology. 2013 ; Vol. 183, No. 7. pp. 877-891.
@article{59d6fb6d2214456496f715027b4753f8,
title = "The skin of fish as a transport epithelium: A review",
abstract = "The primary function of fish skin is to act as a barrier. It provides protection against physical damage and assists with the maintenance of homoeostasis by minimising exchange between the animal and the environment. However in some fish, the skin may play a more active physiological role. This is particularly true in species that inhabit specialised environmental niches (e.g. amphibious and air-breathing fish such as the lungfish), those with physiological characteristics that may subvert the need for the integument as a barrier (e.g. the osmoconforming hagfish), and/or fish with anatomical modifications of the epidermis (e.g. reduced epithelial thickness). Using examples from different fish groups (e.g. hagfishes, elasmobranchs and teleosts), the importance of fish skin as a transport epithelium for gases, ions, nitrogenous waste products, and nutrients was reviewed. The role of the skin in larval fish was also examined, with early life stages often utilising the skin as a surrogate gill, prior to the development of a functional branchial epithelium.",
keywords = "Ammonia excretion, Epidermis, Gas exchange, Integument, Ionoregulation, Nutrient absorption, Skin",
author = "Glover, {Chris N.} and Carol Bucking and Wood, {Chris M.}",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00360-013-0761-4",
language = "English",
volume = "183",
pages = "877--891",
journal = "Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology",
issn = "0174-1578",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The skin of fish as a transport epithelium

T2 - A review

AU - Glover, Chris N.

AU - Bucking, Carol

AU - Wood, Chris M.

PY - 2013/10/1

Y1 - 2013/10/1

N2 - The primary function of fish skin is to act as a barrier. It provides protection against physical damage and assists with the maintenance of homoeostasis by minimising exchange between the animal and the environment. However in some fish, the skin may play a more active physiological role. This is particularly true in species that inhabit specialised environmental niches (e.g. amphibious and air-breathing fish such as the lungfish), those with physiological characteristics that may subvert the need for the integument as a barrier (e.g. the osmoconforming hagfish), and/or fish with anatomical modifications of the epidermis (e.g. reduced epithelial thickness). Using examples from different fish groups (e.g. hagfishes, elasmobranchs and teleosts), the importance of fish skin as a transport epithelium for gases, ions, nitrogenous waste products, and nutrients was reviewed. The role of the skin in larval fish was also examined, with early life stages often utilising the skin as a surrogate gill, prior to the development of a functional branchial epithelium.

AB - The primary function of fish skin is to act as a barrier. It provides protection against physical damage and assists with the maintenance of homoeostasis by minimising exchange between the animal and the environment. However in some fish, the skin may play a more active physiological role. This is particularly true in species that inhabit specialised environmental niches (e.g. amphibious and air-breathing fish such as the lungfish), those with physiological characteristics that may subvert the need for the integument as a barrier (e.g. the osmoconforming hagfish), and/or fish with anatomical modifications of the epidermis (e.g. reduced epithelial thickness). Using examples from different fish groups (e.g. hagfishes, elasmobranchs and teleosts), the importance of fish skin as a transport epithelium for gases, ions, nitrogenous waste products, and nutrients was reviewed. The role of the skin in larval fish was also examined, with early life stages often utilising the skin as a surrogate gill, prior to the development of a functional branchial epithelium.

KW - Ammonia excretion

KW - Epidermis

KW - Gas exchange

KW - Integument

KW - Ionoregulation

KW - Nutrient absorption

KW - Skin

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884520945&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884520945&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00360-013-0761-4

DO - 10.1007/s00360-013-0761-4

M3 - Article

C2 - 23660826

AN - SCOPUS:84884520945

VL - 183

SP - 877

EP - 891

JO - Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology

JF - Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology

SN - 0174-1578

IS - 7

ER -