The Skin Cancer Index: quality-of-life outcomes of treatments for nonmelanoma skin cancer

Nelson Sanchez, Jacob Griggs, Sonali Nanda, Rachel Fayne, David Castillo, Valeria De Bedout, Dan Meirson, Anna Nichols

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) are the most common malignancies in humans. When treating NMSC, quality-of-life (QOL) is an important consideration. The purpose of this study was to measure and compare QOL outcomes of two common therapies for NMSC: Mohs micrographic surgery and excision, using a disease-specific QOL instrument, the Skin Cancer Index (SCI). Methods: The University of Miami Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with NMSC from 2016 through 2019 at a private dermatology clinic (Deerfield Beach, FL, USA). Disease-specific QOL before and after surgery was measured with the SCI. Results: Pre- and post-surgery surveys were completed by 208 patients undergoing Mohs surgery and 30 patients undergoing excisional surgery. All patients were similar in age, gender, and race, and most patients undergoing either procedure had a history of additional prior skin cancers. For the Mohs cohort, the total SCI scores and each of the subscales were significantly higher post-surgery when compared with the baseline scores. In contrast, in the excision cohort, the social subscale was significantly lower post-surgery when compared with the baseline scores. Conclusion: There is limited data in the literature describing the specific effects of Mohs or excision for NMSC on QOL using a disease-specific QOL instrument. Our data supports increased QOL at 2-week follow up for patients with NMSC treated with Mohs, but no improvement in QOL was noted for patients treated with excision. This data is limited by the fact there were far more patients that underwent Mohs as opposed to excision, which gave the Mohs cohort greater statistical power when analyzing the difference in SCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-493
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Dermatological Treatment
Volume31
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2020

Keywords

  • Mohs surgery
  • Non-melanoma skin cancer
  • quality of life
  • Skin Cancer Index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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