Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses against the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) envelope and Gag proteins were monitored in a Mamu-A*01-positive rhesus macaque infected with SIVsmE660. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) cultured with synthetic peptides spanning the entire gp160 and Gag coding region recognized a total of three epitopes. One located in Gag was identified as the previously described Mamu-A*01-restricted p11cC→M epitope (CTPYDINQM). The other two epitopes, designated p15m and p54m, were located in the gp160 envelope protein. Both were nine amino acids in length and were predicted to bind Mamu-A*01 because they contained proline and leucine residues at positions 3 and 9, respectively. Indeed, expression of this class I major histocompatibility complex molecule was required for target cell recognition by envelope-specific CD8+ T cells directed against both epitopes. These Mamu-A*01-restricted epitopes in the SIV envelope will be useful for monitoring immune responses in vaccinated or infected animals.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science