The scarecrow toadfish: Habitat, abundance and size at maturity at Bimini, Bahamas

S. P. Newman, S. H. Gruber, R. D. Handy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Six scarecrow toadfish Opsanus phobetron were found in the stomachs of five juvenile lemon sharks Negaprion brevirostris, and subsequent sampling yielded 29 O. phobetron specimens from mangroves (45% of toadfish), conch shells (28%). and seagrass beds (25%) around Bimini, Bahamas during the winter. The presence of large numbers of scarecrow toadfish including mature females, when the water temperature was >22° C, suggests that this is a successful breeding tropical population and not a glacial relict.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-252
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004



  • Lemon shark
  • Mangrove
  • Opsanus phobetron
  • Scarecrow toadfish
  • Sexual maturity
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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