The scarecrow toadfish: Habitat, abundance and size at maturity at Bimini, Bahamas

S. P. Newman, S. H. Gruber, R. D. Handy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Six scarecrow toadfish Opsanus phobetron were found in the stomachs of five juvenile lemon sharks Negaprion brevirostris, and subsequent sampling yielded 29 O. phobetron specimens from mangroves (45% of toadfish), conch shells (28%). and seagrass beds (25%) around Bimini, Bahamas during the winter. The presence of large numbers of scarecrow toadfish including mature females, when the water temperature was >22° C, suggests that this is a successful breeding tropical population and not a glacial relict.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-252
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Lemon shark
  • Mangrove
  • Opsanus phobetron
  • Scarecrow toadfish
  • Sexual maturity
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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