The roles of individual domains of R Nase R in substrate binding and exoribonuclease activity the nuclease domain is sufficient for digestion of structured RNA

Helen A. Vincent, Murray P. Deutscher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

RNase R and RNase II are the two representatives from the RNR family of processive, 3' to 5' exoribonucleases in Esche richia coli. Although RNase II is specific for single-stranded RNA, RNase R readily degrades through structured RNA. Furthermore, RNase R appears to be the only known 3' to 5' exoribonuclease that is able to degrade through double-stranded RNA without the aid of a helicase activity. Consequently, its functional domains and mechanism of action are of great interest. Using a series of truncated RNase R proteins we show that the cold-shock and S1 domains contribute to substrate binding. The cold-shock domains appear to play a role in substrate recruitment, whereas the S1 domain is most likely required to position substrates for efficient catalysis. Most importantly, the nuclease domain alone, devoid of the cold-shock and S1 domains, is sufficient for RNase R to bind and degrade structured RNAs. Moreover, this is a unique property of the nuclease domain of RNase R because this domain in RNase II stalls as it approaches a duplex. We also show that the nuclease domain of RNase R binds RNA more tightly than the nuclease domain of RNase II. This tighter binding may help to explain the difference in catalytic properties between RNase R and RNase II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)486-494
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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