The role of uptake and degradation in the regulation of peripheral serotonin dynamics in Gulf toadfish, Opsanus beta

John Sebastiani, M. Danielle McDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hyroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is involved in a variety of peripheral processes. Arguably most notable is its role as a circulating vasoconstrictor in the plasma of vertebrates. Plasma 5-HT is maintained at constant levels under normal conditions through the processes of cellular uptake, degradation, and excretion, known collectively as clearance. However, the degree to which each individual component of clearance contributes to this whole animal response remains poorly understood. The goal of this experiment was to determine the extent to which transporter-mediated uptake and intracellular degradation contribute to 5-HT clearance in the model teleost Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta). Fish that were treated with the 5-HT transport inhibitors fluoxetine, buproprion, and decynium-22 had 1.47-fold higher plasma 5-HT concentrations and a 40% decrease in clearance rate compared to control fish. In contrast, fish treated with the MAO inhibitor clorgyline had a 1.54-fold increase in plasma 5-HT with no change in clearance rate. The results show that transporter-mediated 5-HT uptake plays an important role in controlling circulating 5-HT and whole body 5-HT homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110980
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology -Part A : Molecular and Integrative Physiology
Volume258
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • 5-hydroxytryptamine
  • Clearance
  • Excretion
  • Homeostasis
  • MAO
  • Metabolism
  • Monoamine oxidase
  • Plasma
  • SERT
  • Transporter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology

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