The role of soluble adenylyl cyclase in neurite outgrowth

Travis L. Stiles, Michael S. Kapiloff, Jeffrey L. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Axon regeneration in the mature central nervous system is limited by extrinsic inhibitory signals and a postnatal decline in neurons' intrinsic growth capacity. Neuronal levels of the second messenger cAMP are important in regulating both intrinsic growth capacity and neurons' responses to extrinsic factors. Approaches which increase intracellular cAMP in neurons enhance neurite outgrowth and facilitate regeneration after injury. Thus, understanding the factors which affect cAMP in neurons is of potential therapeutic importance. Recently, soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC, ADCY10), the ubiquitous, non-transmembrane adenylyl cyclase, was found to play a key role in neuronal survival and axon growth. sAC is activated by bicarbonate and cations and may translate physiologic signals from metabolism and electrical activity into a neuron's decision to survive or regenerate. Here we critically review the literature surrounding sAC and cAMP signaling in neurons to further elucidate the potential role of sAC signaling in neurite outgrowth and regeneration. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: The role of soluble adenylyl cyclase in health and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2561-2568
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014


  • Axon growth
  • Optic nerve
  • Regeneration
  • Retinal ganglion cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine


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