“Radiomics,” as it refers to the extraction and analysis of a large number of advanced quantitative radiological features from medical images using high-throughput methods, is perfectly suited as an engine for effectively sifting through the multiple series of prostate images from before, during, and after radiotherapy (RT). Multiparametric (mp)MRI, planning CT, and cone beam CT (CBCT) routinely acquired throughout RT and the radiomics pipeline are developed for extraction of thousands of variables. Radiomics data are in a format that is appropriate for building descriptive and predictive models relating image features to diagnostic, prognostic, or predictive information. Prediction of Gleason score, the histopathologic cancer grade, has been the mainstay of the radiomic efforts in prostate cancer. While Gleason score (GS) is still the best predictor of treatment outcome, there are other novel applications of quantitative imaging that are tailored to RT. In this review, we summarize the radiomics efforts and discuss several promising concepts such as delta-radiomics and radiogenomics for utilizing image features for assessment of the aggressiveness of prostate cancer and its outcome. We also discuss opportunities for quantitative imaging with the advance of instrumentation in MRI-guided therapies.
- Cone beam CT
- Multiparametric MRI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging