The role of PPARγ-mediated signalling in skin biology and pathology: New targets and opportunities for clinical dermatology

Yuval Ramot, Arianna Mastrofrancesco, Emanuela Camera, Pierre Desreumaux, Ralf Paus, Mauro Picardo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors that modulate the expression of multiple different genes involved in the regulation of lipid, glucose and amino acid metabolism. PPARs and cognate ligands also regulate important cellular functions, including cell proliferation and differentiation, as well as inflammatory responses. This includes a role in mediating skin and pilosebaceous unit homoeostasis: PPARs appear to be essential for maintaining skin barrier permeability, inhibit keratinocyte cell growth, promote keratinocyte terminal differentiation and regulate skin inflammation. They also may have protective effects on human hair follicle (HFs) epithelial stem cells, while defects in PPARγ-mediated signalling may promote the death of these stem cells and thus facilitate the development of cicatricial alopecia (lichen planopilaris). Overall, however, selected PPARγ modulators appear to act as hair growth inhibitors that reduce the proliferation and promote apoptosis of hair matrix keratinocytes. The fact that commonly prescribed PPARγ-modulatory drugs of the thiazolidine-2,4-dione class can exhibit a battery of adverse cutaneous effects underscores the importance of distinguishing beneficial from clinically undesired cutaneous activities of PPARγ ligands and to better understand on the molecular level how PPARγ-regulated cutaneous lipid metabolism and PPARγ-mediated signalling impact on human skin physiology and pathology. Surely, the therapeutic potential that endogenous and exogenous PPARγ modulators may possess in selected skin diseases, ranging from chronic inflammatory hyperproliferative dermatoses like psoriasis and atopic dermatitis, via scarring alopecia and acne can only be harnessed if the complexities of PPARγ signalling in human skin and its appendages are systematically dissected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-251
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental dermatology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Hair
  • Inflammation
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors
  • Skin
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The role of PPARγ-mediated signalling in skin biology and pathology: New targets and opportunities for clinical dermatology'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this