The role of nuclear hormone receptors in cutaneous wound repair

Sandra Rieger, Hengguang Zhao, Paige Martin, Koichiro Abe, Thomas S. Lisse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cutaneous wound repair process involves balancing a dynamic series of events ranging from inflammation, oxidative stress, cell migration, proliferation, survival and differentiation. A complex series of secreted trophic factors, cytokines, surface and intracellular proteins are expressed in a temporospatial manner to restore skin integrity after wounding. Impaired initiation, maintenance or termination of the tissue repair processes can lead to perturbed healing, necrosis, fibrosis or even cancer. Nuclear hormone receptors (NHRs) in the cutaneous environment regulate tissue repair processes such as fibroplasia and angiogenesis. Defects in functional NHRs and their ligands are associated with the clinical phenotypes of chronic non-healing wounds and skin endocrine disorders. The functional relationship between NHRs and skin niche cells such as epidermal keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts is pivotal for successful wound closure and permanent repair. The aim of this review is to delineate the cutaneous effects and cross-talk of various nuclear receptors upon injury towards functional tissue restoration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalCell Biochemistry and Function
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hormones
  • Innervation
  • Keratinocytes
  • Nuclear receptors
  • Regeneration
  • Tissue repair
  • Vitamin D
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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