The role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in predicting overall survival in patients undergoing laser interstitial thermal therapy for glioblastoma

Javier M. Figueroa, Alexa Semonche, Stephanie Magoon, Ashish Shah, Evan Luther, Daniel Eichberg, Ricardo Komotar, Michael E. Ivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) offers a minimally-invasive treatment option for glioblastomas (GBM) which are relatively small or in eloquent areas. While laser ablation for malignant gliomas has been shown to be safe and effective, the role of the subsequent immune response in not well established. In this study we aim to analyze the prognostic potential of edema volume and acute inflammation, quantified as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), in predicting overall survival. Twenty-one patients were identified with new or recurrent GBMs that were candidates for LITT. Laser ablation was performed using standard solid tumor protocol for treatment volume, intensity and duration. Edema volume was quantified using MRI imaging, while retrospective chart review was performed to calculate NLR and survival. In patients treated with LITT for GBM, peri-tumoral vasogenic edema volumes did not significantly change post-operatively, p > 0.200, while NLR significantly increased, p = 0.0002. The degree of NLR increase correlated with longer overall survivals, and ROC analysis demonstrated an area under the curve of 0.827, p = 0.0112. A delta-NLR cutoff of 7.0 results in positive and negative predictive values of 78% and 75%, respectively, in predicting overall survival >1 year. Patients with with delta-NLR > 7.0 lived significantly longer that those with delta-NLR < 7.0, median survival 440 days compared to 239 days, p = 0.0297. We demonstrate preliminary data that monitoring the inflammatory response after LITT in GBM patients offers a potential prognostic measurement to assist in predicting treatment efficacy and overall survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-113
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume72
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Glioblastoma
  • Inflammation
  • LITT
  • Laser
  • Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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