The role of MR cholangiopancreatography in preoperative assessment for repair of major iatrogenic biliary injury: 10-year experience

Francisco Igor B Macedo, Victor Casillas, James S. Davis, Danny Sleeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Aims: Major iatrogenic biliary injury is a potentially life-threatening complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Early diagnosis is essential to improve outcomes, however, to date, there is no consensus regarding the best imaging approach for preoperative assessment of these injuries. Methodology: From March 2002 to February 2012, 40 patients with postoperative major biliary injury underwent biliary reconstruction at our Institution. Mean age was 51.7 ± 18.1 years (19-86] with 30 (75%) females. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) were compared with different diagnostic modalities and definitive intraoperative findings. Results: Of 40 patients, 10 (25%) had Bismuth type 1, 10 (25%) Bismuth type II, 6 (15%) Bismuth type III injury, 10 (25%) Bismuth type IV and, 4 (10%) Bismuth type V. MRCP has similar accuracy to define injury site, but is superior in delineating proximal ductal anatomy that was often not visualized with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Conclusion: MRCP is a reliable, accurate and readily available diagnostic tool to assess complex biliary injuries. It provides adequate visualization of the proximal and distal biliary trees and may be considered as first-line test in the management of major iatrogenic biliary injuries. Revision of current guidelines for diagnostic approach of this condition is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2163-2166
Number of pages4
JournalHepato-Gastroenterology
Volume61
Issue number136
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Keywords

  • Hepat
  • Hutson-Russell operation
  • Iatrogenic biliary injury
  • Itojejunostomy
  • MRCP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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