The role of microRNAs in diabetes-related oxidative stress

Mirza Muhammad Fahd Qadir, Dagmar Klein, Silvia Álvarez-Cubela, Juan Domínguez-Bendala, Ricardo Luis Pastori

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cellular stress, combined with dysfunctional, inadequate mitochondrial phosphorylation, produces an excessive amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and an increased level of ROS in cells, which leads to oxidation and subsequent cellular damage. Because of its cell damaging action, an association between anomalous ROS production and disease such as Type 1 (T1D) and Type 2 (T2D) diabetes, as well as their complications, has been well established. However, there is a lack of understanding about genome-driven responses to ROS-mediated cellular stress. Over the last decade, multiple studies have suggested a link between oxidative stress and microRNAs (miRNAs). The miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that mostly suppress expression of the target gene by interaction with its 3’untranslated region (3UTR). In this paper, we review the recent progress in the field, focusing on the association between miRNAs and oxidative stress during the progression of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5423
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume20
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • Beta cells
  • Diabetes
  • MicroRNAs
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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