The role of induction androgen deprivation prior to radical prostatectomy

M. S. Soloway, R. Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

In patients with localised prostate cancer and a life expectancy of at least 10 years, radical prostatectomy is increasingly being performed. Pre-operative clinical staging of prostate cancer is, however, inaccurate with around 10-20% of clinical T1, 10-30% of clinical T2(a), and 30-60% of clinical T2(b) cases having tumour at the surgical margin. There is no documented best treatment for patients with a positive surgical margin. Options include close observation, adjuvant radiation therapy or androgen deprivation. The role of induction androgen deprivation has, therefore, evolved in an attempt to improve upon the cure rate for radical prostatectomy, and in this review results from clinical trials are discussed. In the largest United States randomised trial in patients with stage T2(b) prostate cancer, pre-operative androgen deprivation resulted in a significantly lower rate of positive surgical margins, normalisation of prostate-specific antigen and a decrease in the size of the prostate. Sufficient follow-up is required from all of the completed prospective randomised trials before pre-operative androgen deprivation can be justified in all T2(b) patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-118
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean urology
Volume29
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Induction androgen deprivation
  • Neoadjuvant therapy
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radical prostatectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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