The Role of Identity Horizons in Education-to-Work Transitions: A Cross-Cultural Validation Study in Japan and the United States

James E. Côté, Shinichi Mizokami, Sharon E. Roberts, Reiko Nakama, Alan Meca, Seth J Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


This article reports on the development and construct validation of the Identity Horizons Scales, an instrument based on the identity horizons model. Participants were postsecondary students aged 18–24 years from Japan (N = 505) and the United States (N = 546). Following exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, a three-factor scale had adequate configural, metric, and partial scalar invariance. Evidence for construct validity was also found. Cross-cultural validity assessments suggest that the new measure can be used in both cultural contexts, and for men and women in both contexts, but that the Japanese configuration of identity horizons is more nuanced than the U.S. pattern. Implications, limitations, and future directions for research using the Identity Horizons Scales in different cultural settings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-286
Number of pages24
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Anthropology

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