The role of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the prevention and possible treatment of cardiovascular diseases

B. G. Choi, G. Vilahur, D. Yadegar, J. F. Viles-Gonzalez, Juan J. Badimon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite significant progress in the management of atherosclerosis and its resultant complications, cardiovascular disease remains the principal cause of death in the world. The National Cholesterol Education Project Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) recognizes low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) as a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and high levels of HDL as a risk-reducing factor; however, the elevation of HDL as a specific therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of CHD has yet to be accepted on the same level as low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-reducing therapies. Current HDL elevators including nicotinic acid, fibric acid derivatives, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) agonists and statins also affect other lipid constituents which make interpretation of the clinical trials of these drugs difficult in teasing out the independent effect of HDL elevation. Ample laboratory investigation suggests that HDL elevation would reduce atherosclerotic burden through multiple independent mechanisms. In this review, we explore HDL biology, its potential mechanisms in the treatment of atherosclerotic disease, and promising new drugs with HDL-raising activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)571-587
Number of pages17
JournalCurrent Molecular Medicine
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006

Keywords

  • Apo A1 milano
  • Cholesterol ester transfer protein
  • Coronary heart disease
  • High density lipoprotein
  • Lecithin/cholesterol acyl transferase
  • Low density lipoprotein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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