The role of diet in osteoporosis prevention and management

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Abstract

Diet, a modifiable osteoporosis risk factor, plays an important role in the acquisition and maintenance of bone mass. The influence of diet on bone begins in childhood; even maternal diet can influence bone mass in the offspring. A good general nutritional status and adequate dietary protein, calcium, vitamin D, fruits, and vegetables have a positive influence on bone health, while a high caloric diet and heavy alcohol consumption have been associated with lower bone mass and higher rates of fracture. The evidence for a role of other minerals and vitamins in skeletal health is not as strong, but recent evidence suggests that vitamins C and K might also have an effect on bone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)296-302
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Osteoporosis Reports
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Bone health
  • Diet
  • Fractures
  • Nutrition
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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