The role of beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting in the current era. A point of view

F. Moussa, P. Lombardi, T. A. Salerno, M. Ricci

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Despite coronary artery revascularization on the beating heart was originally introduced in the 1960's, its further development was halted for several decades by advances in medical technology and by the development of the extracorporeal circulation. It is only in recent years that coronary artery bypass grafting on the beating heart has gained a secure role in the armamentarium of cardiac surgeons, mainly as a result of the popularization of new techniques of coronary exposure and stabilization. In later years, the expansion of interventional cardiology and the refinement of catheter-based techniques for treating coronary artery disease have corresponded to a substantial decline in the overall number of patients referred for surgery. Additionally, more and more patients have extensive disease and concomitant risk factors. These factors have made the future of coronary artery surgery uncertain. As these trends are likely to persist, and probably become more prominent in the future, it is essential for surgeons to embrace changes that may lead to improved surgical outcomes after coronary revascularization. In this article the authors review some of the aspects that have contributed to the popularization of off-pump coronary artery bypass and speculate on the importance of embracing innovative techniques in the field of coronary artery surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-254
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004


  • Cardiac surgical procedures
  • Coronary artery bypass
  • Coronary disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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