The relationship between trait, expressive, and familial correlates of emotion regulation in a clinical sample of anxious youth

Sarah E. Trosper, Jill May

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although emotion and its regulation have been linked to children's general psychopathology, it has only recently been studied in relation to childhood anxiety disorders. In this study, the authors examine the relationship between various inputs of emotion regulation and anxiety in a clinical sample of youth. Participants (N = 112) were administered a battery of questionnaires that assessed for negative emotionality, emotion expression style, and familial affective expression. Participants also took part in a structured diagnostic interview to assess for clinical levels of anxiety. Results of standard multiple regression analyses indicated a relationship between all three components of the emotion in question. Moderator analyses revealed that age, but not gender, affects the relationship between negative emotionality and self-reported anxiety symptomatology. Results of mediation analyses suggested that emotion expression influences the relationship between negative emotionality and anxiety in older participants (ages 13-17), whereas the direct effect of negative emotionality and anxiety is maintained for younger participants (ages 8-12).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-128
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

Keywords

  • child and adolescent anxiety
  • emotion
  • emotion regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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