The Relationship Between Stage of Leber’s Hereditary Optic Neuropathy and Pattern Electroretinogram Latency

Vittorio Porciatti, Diego E. Alba, William J. Feuer, Janet Davis, John Guy, Byron L. Lam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the baseline steady-state pattern electroretinogram (SS-PERG) of patients with G11778A Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) with different stages of visual acuity (VA) loss before allotopic gene therapy (GT). Methods: Patients (n = 28) were enrolled into groups (GT I: chronic bilateral VA ≤35 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study [ETDRS]; GT II: acute bilateral VA ≤35 ETDRS; GT III: acute unilateral, VA ≤35 ETDRS, and better eye VA ≥70 ETDRS) and tested with SS-PERG together with 210 age-matched normal controls (NCs). SS-PERG amplitude (nV) and latency (ms) of each eye were averaged for groups GT I, GT II, and NC. Symptomatic eyes (GT III-S) and asymptomatic eyes (GT III-A) of group GT III were included separately and accounted for by using generalized estimating equation (GEE) methods. Results: Compared to NC, SS-PERG amplitudes were reduced similarly by approximately 50% (P < 0.001) among all GT groups (NC > GT I, GT II, GT III-S, and GT III-A). SS-PERG latencies were shorter by ≥3.5 ms in all LHON groups and differed by disease stage (G III-A < NC, P = 0.002; GT III-S < GT III-A, P = 0.01; GT II < GT III-S, P = 0.03; GT I < NC, P < 0.001, but not different from other GT groups, all P > 0.1). Conclusions: Although SS-PERG amplitude reduction did not distinguish between disease stages, SS-PERG latency shortening occurred in asymptomatic eyes and symptomatic eyes and distinguished between disease stages. Translational Relevance: SS-PERG latency shortening is consistent with primary damage of smaller/slower axons and sparing of larger/faster axons and may provide an objective staging of LHON, which may be helpful to determine efficacy in LHON trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number31
JournalTranslational Vision Science and Technology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Leber hereditary optic neuropathy
  • latency
  • pattern electroretinogram
  • retinal ganglion cell axons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Ophthalmology

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