The relationship between fat distribution and coronary risk factors in sedentary postmenopausal women on and off hormone replacement therapy

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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between fat distribution and coronary risk factors (CRF) in sedentary overweight postmenopausal women both on and off hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Medical records and information were abstracted from nonsmoking women entering a weight loss program. A total of 33 women on HRT (mean age=50.12±5.2) and 51 nonusers (mean age=52.52±7.8) fulfilled subject eligibility requirements and were included in the data analysis. Results showed a significantly lower waist-tohip ratio (WHR) (p=0.009) and waist (p=0.010) and greater levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (p=0.035) in HRT users than in nonusers. After converting correlations to standard Z-scores and performing z-tests, the correlation between total cholesterol (T-Chol) and WHR was significantly greater in nonusers than in HRT users (p=0.038). A multiple regression analysis showed differences between groups in the ability of age and anthropometric variables to predict CRF. Although T-Chol could be predicted in nonusers (r2=0.24; p=0.011), very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) could be significantly predicted in HRT users only (r2=0.28, p=0.055 and r20.40, p=0.005 for VLDL-C and SBP, respectively). These data suggest that there are differences between HRT users and nonusers in predictors of CRF, central adiposity, HDL-C, and the relationship between WHR and T-Chol. It is concluded that the significantly lower levels of central adiposity observed in HRT users may have clinical benefits with regard to CRF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998



  • Blood pressure
  • Hormonal use
  • Serum Hpoproteins
  • Waist circumference
  • Waist-to-hip ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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