We attempted to isolate novel receptor tyrosine kinase, which may play a role in hematopoietic development by screening for expressed sequences with conserved tyrosine kinase catalytic domains. Among the known tyrosine kinases identified in this screen, we found a gene with characteristics of a receptor tyrosine kinase but unusual motifs in the catalytic domain. This gene is identical to ryk described independently by other investigators. Chromosomal fluorescence in situ hybridization localization of human ryk was clarified by using monochromosomal hybrids and placing it as a single locus in 3q22. Although Northern analysis reveals widespread expression in adult mouse tissues, we have found that ryk expression is not ubiquitous. Expression increased in bone marrow cells from mice treated with 5-fluorouracil. Northern analysis on cell lines indicates expression in CD3-, CD4-, CD8- T cells (at a low level), pre-T cells, thymic epithelial cells, and mature myeloid cells, but not myeloid precursors or B cell precursors. Expression analysis with the use of RT-PCR on mouse bone marrow cells separated on the basis of cell surface markers (B220, CD4, CD8, Gr-1, Mac-1) reveals that this receptor is expressed in differentiated cells (Lin+) but is not expressed in the precursor cells (Lin-). Flow cytometric analysis with a monospecific anti-Ryk Ab demonstrates that Ryk+ cells constitute 36.7% and Lin+/Ryk+ cells constitute 33.7% of low density bone marrow cells whereas Ryk+ cells represent only 0.3% of the Lin- population. We conclude that ryk expression is regulated during hematopoietic development by lineage commitment and stage of maturation.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
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