We determined the frequency of antihyroglobulin and antimicrosomal antibodies in 173 consecutively admitted psychiatric inpatients. (We found antihydroid antibodies in 8% (5/65) of patients with DSM-III major depression, 13% (4/31) with bipolar disorder, and in 0% (0/4) of those with schizoaffective disorder.) The rate of antibody occurrence was unrelated to lithium exposure either within individual diagnostic categories or for the sample as a whole. The overall frequency of positive antihydroid antibody titers in patients with DSM-III affective disorder, 9% (9/99), did not differ from that in patients with nonaffective disorders, 10% (7/68). However, patients with bipolar affective disorder-mixed or bipolar affective disorder-depressed had a higher rate of positive antithyroid antibody titers than other patients. Our findings confirm earlier reports that thyroid disorders may be particularly common in patients with bipolar affective disorder, even in the absence of lithium exposure. However, as antithyroid antibodies also occurred at a relatively high rate in nonaffective disorders, the possible psychiatric effects of autoimmune thyroiditis do not appear to be limited to affective dysregulation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biological Psychiatry