The pre-depression investigation of cloud-systems in the tropics (PREDICT) experiment: Scientific basis, new analysis tools, and some first results

Michael T. Montgomery, Christopher Davis, Timothy Dunkerton, Zhuo Wang, Christopher Velden, Ryan Torn, Sharanya J. Majumdar, Fuqing Zhang, Roger K. Smith, Lance Bosart, Michael M. Bell, Jennifer S. Haase, Andrew Heymsfield, Jorgen Jensen, Teresa Campos, Mark A. Boothe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

The principal hypotheses of a new model of tropical cyclogenesis, known as the marsupial paradigm, were tested in the context of Atlantic tropical disturbances during the National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored Pre-Depression Investigation of Cloud Systems in the Tropics (PREDICT) experiment in 2010. PREDICT was part of a tri-agency collaboration, along with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (NASA GRIP) experiment and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Intensity Forecasting Experiment (NOAA IFEX), intended to examine both developing and nondeveloping tropical disturbances. During PREDICT, a total of 26 missions were flown with the NSF/NCAR Gulfstream V (GV) aircraft sampling eight tropical disturbances. Among these were four cases (Fiona, ex-Gaston, Karl, and Matthew) for which three or more missions were conducted, many on consecutive days. Because of the scientific focus on the Lagrangian nature of the tropical cyclogenesis process, a wave-relative frame of reference was adopted throughout the experiment in which various model-and satellite-based products were examined to guide aircraft planning and real-time operations. Here, the scientific products and examples of data collected are highlighted for several of the disturbances. The suite of cases observed represents arguably the most comprehensive, self-consistent dataset ever collected on the environment and mesoscale structure of developing and nondeveloping predepression disturbances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-172
Number of pages20
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Volume93
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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    Montgomery, M. T., Davis, C., Dunkerton, T., Wang, Z., Velden, C., Torn, R., Majumdar, S. J., Zhang, F., Smith, R. K., Bosart, L., Bell, M. M., Haase, J. S., Heymsfield, A., Jensen, J., Campos, T., & Boothe, M. A. (2012). The pre-depression investigation of cloud-systems in the tropics (PREDICT) experiment: Scientific basis, new analysis tools, and some first results. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93(2), 153-172. https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00046.1