Purpose: The PARP inhibitor veliparib enhances the cytotoxicity of alkylating agents. This phase I study evaluated veliparib with the bifunctional alkylator bendamustine (VB) in patients with relapsed/refractory lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and solid malignancies, with a cohort expansion of VB with rituximab (VBR) in patients with B-cell lymphomas. Experimental Design: This dose-escalation study evaluated safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of veliparib (20–400 mg twice a day, days 1–7 of 28-day cycle) and bendamustine (70 and 90 mg/m2 intravenously, days 1 and 2). A cohort expansion was conducted, which combined veliparib and bendamustine at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) with rituximab (375 mg/m2, day 1) in patients with B-cell lymphomas. Thirty-four patients were treated in seven dose-escalation cohorts and seven patients in the dose-expansion cohort. Results: The MTD was veliparib 300 mg twice daily plus bendamustine 90 mg/m2. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) were anemia, nausea, hypertension, and hyperhidrosis. Grade ≥3 toxicities included lymphopenia (87.8%), anemia (19.5%), neutropenia (12.2%), thrombocytopenia (9.8%), leukopenia (9.8%), nausea (7.3%), and hypophosphatemia (7.3%). Apparent veliparib clearance was slightly lower than previously reported. Of 14 patients with lymphoma evaluable for response, five of seven (71%) on VB and six of seven (86%) on VBR achieved objective response. One patient with multiple myeloma achieved partial response. Conclusions: VB and VBR were generally well-tolerated. VBR had preliminary clinical activity in patients with B-cell lymphoma, which warrants further investigation in a phase II trial. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01326702.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research