The Paraguayan agro-export model of development

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21 Scopus citations


This study examines the performance of the Paraguayan agro-export model and the distribution of crops, land, and livestock that constitutes its successful expansion. The author associates the major staples - corn, sugarcane, cotton, soybeans, wheat, and cattle - with distinct farm sizes and suggests that these have supported different segments of the peasantry in the face of an extremely unequal land distribution and under the repressive conditions of the Stroessner era (1954-1989). It may be ironic that the success of the model has depended on export (cotton) and food crops (corn and manioc) which are the domain of the minifundia. As Paraguay now embarks on the transition to democratic government, it must grapple with the ecological and social imbalances which underlie the agrarian model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1531-1540
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Development
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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