The effects of dissociation of force-generating cross bridges on intracellular Ca2+, pCa-force, and pCa-ATPase relationships were investigated in mouse skeletal muscle. Mechanical length perturbations were used to dissociate force-generating cross bridges in either intact or skinned fibers. In intact muscle, an impulse stretch or release, a continuous length vibration, a nonoverlap stretch, or an unloaded shortening during a twitch caused a transient increase in intracellular Ca2+ compared with that in isometric controls and resulted in deactivation of the muscle. In skinned fibers, sinusoidal length vibrations shifted pCa-force and pCa-actomyosin ATPase rate relationships to higher Ca2+ concentrations and caused actomyosin ATPase rate to decrease at submaximal Ca2+ and increase at maximal Ca2+ activation. These results suggest that dissociation of force-generating cross bridges during a twitch causes the off rate of Ca2+ from troponin C to increase (a decrease in the Ca2+ affinity of troponin C), thus decreasing the Ca2+ sensitivity and resulting in the deactivation of the muscle. The results also suggest that the Fenn effect only exists at maximal but not submaximal force-activating Ca2+ concentrations.
- Actomyosin adenosinetriphosphatase
- Intracellular calcium ion
- Mechanical length perturbation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation