The ODD protocol: A review and first update

Volker Grimm, Uta Berger, Donald L. DeAngelis, J. Gary Polhill, Jarl Giske, Steven F. Railsback

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1246 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 'ODD' (Overview, Design concepts, and Details) protocol was published in 2006 to standardize the published descriptions of individual-based and agent-based models (ABMs). The primary objectives of ODD are to make model descriptions more understandable and complete, thereby making ABMs less subject to criticism for being irreproducible. We have systematically evaluated existing uses of the ODD protocol and identified, as expected, parts of ODD needing improvement and clarification. Accordingly, we revise the definition of ODD to clarify aspects of the original version and thereby facilitate future standardization of ABM descriptions. We discuss frequently raised critiques in ODD but also two emerging, and unanticipated, benefits: ODD improves the rigorous formulation of models and helps make the theoretical foundations of large models more visible. Although the protocol was designed for ABMs, it can help with documenting any large, complex model, alleviating some general objections against such models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2760-2768
Number of pages9
JournalEcological Modelling
Volume221
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 24 2010

Keywords

  • Model description
  • Model formulation
  • Model replication
  • Scientific communication
  • Standardization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modeling

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    Grimm, V., Berger, U., DeAngelis, D. L., Polhill, J. G., Giske, J., & Railsback, S. F. (2010). The ODD protocol: A review and first update. Ecological Modelling, 221(23), 2760-2768. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.08.019