Cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) is an uncommon paraneoplastic disease in which degeneration of the retina occurs as a remote effect of cancer in a distant part of the body. Immunoreactivity of sera from CAR patients and controls have been analyzed. Immunostaining of human retinal proteins showed that a soluble protein of M(r) ~ 46 kDa (p46) is labeled by antibodies from several CAR patients with various types of cancer (lung, breast, bladder, prostate, salivary gland, and gastrointestinal tract cancer and chronic lymphocytic leukemia). These sera did not show reactivity with the 23-kDa protein previously associated with CAR. To identify and further characterize p46, the retinal protein was purified to homogeneity by anion-exchange chromatography and preparative gel electrophoresis. Protein sequence analysis of the peptides from p46 revealed a high homology with human enolase, an important glycolytic enzyme. Although enolase has been previously identified as a product of several types of tumors, and enolase activity has been detected in the sera of some cancer patients, the existence of autoantibodies directed to enolase has not been described. This is the first report of the presence of serum antibodies to retinal enolase in the patients with cancer and the CAR syndrome. When antibodies of specific isotypes (IgG, IgM, and IgA) were measured, IgG1 isotype was dominant. The significance of these antibodies for the disease process is under investigation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine