The number of components of enhancement contributing to short-term synaptic plasticity at the neuromuscular synapse during patterned nerve stimulation progressively decreases as basal release probability is increased from low to normal levels by changing extracellular Ca2+

Alice M. Holohean, Karl L. Magleby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Presynaptic short-term plasticity (STP) dynamically modulates synaptic strength in a reversible manner on a timescale of milliseconds to minutes. For low basal vesicular release probability (prob0), four components of enhancement, F1 and F2 facilitation, augmentation (A), and potentiation (P), increase synaptic strength during repetitive nerve activity. For release rates that exceed the rate of replenishment of the readily releasable pool (RRP) of synaptic vesicles, depression of synaptic strength, observed as a rundown of postsynaptic potential amplitudes, can also develop. To understand the relationship between enhancement and depression at the frog (Rana pipiens) neuromuscular synapse, data obtained over a wide range of prob0 using patterned stimulation are analyzed with a hybrid model to reveal the components of STP. We find that F1, F2, A, P, and depletion of the RRP all contribute to STP during repetitive nerve activity at low prob0. As prob0 is increased by raising Ca2+o (extracellular Ca2+), specific components of enhancement no longer contribute, with first P, then A, and then F2 becoming undetectable, even though F1 continues to enhance release. For levels of prob0 that lead to appreciable depression, only F1 and depletion of the RRP contribute to STP during rundown, and for low stimulation rates, F2 can also contribute. These observations place prob0-dependent limitations on which components of enhancement contribute to STP and suggest some fundamental mechanistic differences among the components. The presented model can serve as a tool to readily characterize the components of STP over wide ranges of prob0.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7060-7072
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume31
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 11 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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