The insulinotropic activity of the novel imidazoline compound BL11282 was investigated. Intravenous administration of BL11282 (0.3 mg · kg-1 · min-1) to anesthetized rats did not change blood glucose and insulin levels under basal conditions, but produced a higher increase in blood insulin levels and a faster glucose removal from the blood after glucose infusion. Similarly, in isolated Wistar rat pancreatic islets, 0.1-100 μmol/l BL11282 potently stimulated glucose-induced insulin secretion but did not modulate basal insulin secretion. Unlike previously described imidazolines, BL11282 did not block ATP-dependent K+ channels. Furthermore, the compound stimulated insulin secretion in islets depolarized with high concentrations of KCl or permeabilized with electric shock. Insulinotropic activity of BL11282 was dependent on activity of protein kinases A and C. In pancreatic islets from spontaneously diabetic GK rats, the imidazoline compound restored the impaired insulin response to glucose. In conclusion, the imidazoline BL11282 constitutes a new class of insulinotropic compounds that exerts an exclusive glucose-dependent insulinotropic activity in pancreatic islets by stimulating insulin exocytosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism